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Volume 2 Issue 6

 

 

S.No
Article Title & Author Name
Page
1.
Maximum Magnitudes and Accelerations Determination in the Rif Mountain Belt, Northern Morocco
S. Benchekroun, A. Iben brahim, A. El mouraouah , L. Ouadif, K. Baba

Abstract:-
The Rif mountain-belt is considered the most seismically active chain in Morocco. In this study we use deterministic approach to assess the seismic hazard within the Rif region, in long term. For this purpose, we apply empirical formulas in order to compute the maximum credible earthquake (MCE) taking into account several criteria related to seismic potential of the fault. The results show that for the Rif region, the MCE has a magnitude of 6.9 that could occur every 10000 years (period of reference for the MCE). Using a suitable empirical attenuation law for our study region, we compute the accelerations that could be generated by the maximum magnitude estimated for each fault. A maximum accelerations contour map is then produced. This map shows zones with high seismic hazard, particularly; along the El Jebha fault with an acceleration value 0.33g. Some important Moroccan cities like Tetouan, Tangier and Rabat has moderate seismic hazard with accelerations values around 0.23g and 0.25g . This map is a useful tool for decision makers that will help them to take into account this significant aspect of the risk for territorial and urban planning.
Keywords:- Acceleration, magnitude, maximum credible earthquake, deterministic approach, Morocco, Seismic hazard.
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S. Benchekroun, A. Iben brahim, A. El mouraouah, L. Ouadif, K. Baba - Maximum Magnitudes and Accelerations Determination in the Rif Mountain Belt, Northern Morocco - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
01-08
2.
Invention of the plane geometrical formulae - Part I
Mr. Satish M. Kaple

Abstract:- In this paper, I have invented the formulae of the height of the triangle. My findings are based on pythagoras theorem.
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Mr. Satish M. Kaple – Invention of the plane geometrical formulae - Part I - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
09-23
3.
Development of a Human Machine Interface of Information and Communication in telemedicine HMI-ICTM: Application to Physiological Digital Signal Processing in Telemedicine
S. Rerbal, M. Benabdellah

Abstract:-We propose in this paper to present the development a man machine telemedical interface of information and communication telemedical HMI-ICTM. This allows respectively: -To measure on the patient multidimensional signals representing its pathophysiological state. -To Control substitution medical systems of physiological defective organs. -To support the transfer of data through computer medical networks. The first configuration of this interface consists of:
-A Terminal Equipment Medical Data Processing dedicated to three physiological signals: The first representative of myocardial electrical activity (electrocardiogram ECG), the second representative of the mechanical ventilatory function (the pneumotachogram PTG), and the third representative of the exchanger and the pulmonary flow function (photoplethysmogram PPG). The Hardware interface built around a microcontroller (CODEC), responsible for digitizing the signals from the DTE (Data Terminal equipment) and transfers them to a local computer-terminal. The Software interface developed in Visual Basic environment responsible for controlling the acquisition, processing spatial, temporal and spectral, archiving and transferring of the medical data through medical networks in the TCP / IP. The simultaneous recording of these three signals allows a better management of cardio respiratory failure. This management is on a diagnostic bares, the processing and the monitoring through digital processing, and multiparametric spatial, temporal, spectral and correlation of these signals.
Keywords:- ECG, PTG, PPG, Telemedicine, EDRA, EDRF, PDRA, PDRF, Autocorrelation, Intercorrelation, FFT, DSP.
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S. Rerbal, M. Benabdellah - Development of a Human Machine Interface of Information and Communication in telemedicine HMI-ICTM: Application to Physiological Digital Signal Processing in Telemedicine - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
24-33
4
Motion Human Detection & Tracking Based On Background Subtraction
Dr. Mamta sood, Prof. Rajeev Sharma, Chavan Dipakkumar D.

Abstract:- The moving human body detection is the most important part of the human body motion analysis. The purpose is to detect the moving human body from the background image in video sequence and for the human body tracking. This paper proposes a new method to detect moving object based on background subtraction. A reliable background updating model is established. A dynamic optimization threshold method is used to obtain a more complete moving object. Morphological filtering is introduced to eliminate the noise. At last, contour projection analysis is combined with the shape analysis to remove the effect of shadow; the moving human bodies are accurately and reliably detected. Motion of a moving object in a video stream is studied and its velocity is detected. The centroid of object is computed to use in the analyses of the position of the moving human body. The experimental results show that the proposed method runs quickly, accurately and fits for the real-time detection.
Keywords:- Background subtraction, tracking, object detection, image initialization.
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Dr. Mamta sood, Prof. Rajeev Sharma, Chavan Dipakkumar D. - Motion Human Detection & Tracking Based On Background Subtraction - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
34-37
5
Identification of changes in the microstructure of damaged elements spherical joint
Mr. Sc. Mujanović Enes, Dr. Sc. Denijal Sprečić

Abstract:- Spherical joint are a special kind of mechanisms which serve to transmit the torque and the force between the individual aggregates, respectively, in which case their shafts, connected with this gear, are under certain constant angle or under a variable (changing) angle during the operation. These gear are widely used in automobile industry. The main characteristic of these gears in that during the torque transmission relative moving (displacing) in allowed, which can be under an angle or translatory and that, except for purely mechanical losses, there are no other losses such as may be the torque inscrease or decrease. During the operation damages occur on the parts (elements) of hinged gear. For this reason the analysis of the microstructure is essntial to establish the causes and to decrease the damages on the observed parts.
Keywords:- Mechanism, spherical joint, universal joint, microstructure, machine vision.
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Mr. Sc. Mujanović Enes, Dr. Sc. Denijal Sprečić - Identification of changes in the microstructure of damaged
elements spherical joint - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
38-43
6
Performance Evaluation of Coded Adaptive OFDM System Over AWGN Channel
Swati M. Kshirsagar, A. N. Jadhav

Abstract:- In the up to date electronic planet, authentication of an individual is a vital assignment in numerous territories of everyday existence. Smart Cards are secure compact space gadgets utilized for a few requisitions specifically security identified ones including access to framework's database either connected or disconnected from the net. Smartcard are regularly "secure" movable units. It is an elevated amount outline system for installed informative data frameworks. Normally a smartcard consist a memory or a microprocessor chip. Mainly this paper presents an integrated system for high security objectives. Such as: defense, and nuclear or any critical entering areas. This system is operated with the three factors; they are having a smartcard, password, and any user specific identification components. These may be: fingerprint, or any facial elements. The purpose of this application is to limit the access of the unauthorized person to high security locations, based on access rights of different persons.
Keywords:- Authentication, Biometric, Chip, fingerprint, PIN, Smartcard.
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Swati M. Kshirsagar, A. N. Jadhav - Performance Evaluation of Coded Adaptive OFDM System Over AWGN Channel - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
44-47
7
Real-World Automation Control through the USB Interface
Robert H. Sturges

Abstract:- The shift in design of the personal computer to address applications in the area of multimedia and the obsolescence of ports for convenient access to hardware-software interfaces has begun to limit opportunities for the practice of custom-designed controls for automation. While several third-party hardware-software control packages exist, their learning curves and expense has not addressed the more fundamental needs of the designer to simply access and control a few bits or words of real-time information. This design shift has also given rise to the need for specialists in programming or information technology where the application may not support such effort. We address this need by providing a framework and examples of inexpensive hardware and simplified software with its logical design expressed in interdisciplinary form.
Keywords:- Hardware-software interface, automation control, logical design.
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Robert H. Sturges - Real-World Automation Control through the USB Interface - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
48-56
8
Power Quality Enhancement in Power System Network using DSTACOM
Dr. P. Chandra Sekhar

Abstract:- Use of visible light for communication is an old concept. E.g.: Smoke signals or lighthouses for guiding ships have been used for centuries. However, there has been very little work related to use of visible light to transfer streams of data. A major step towards this was completed by Professor Harald Haas and was demonstrated by him making use of LED lamp for data transfer. However, this experiment was very costly. In this paper, we propose to make use of hardware that are already integrated on various mobile platforms like LCD/LED screens and cameras as the senders and receivers for visible light communication, in applications where small amount of data needs to be transferred. We propose the use of an electronic passport, the key to which would be saved on you mobile phone in an encoded format. The key would be transmitted from the mobile phone to the passport checking authority's desktop/laptop using visible light communications, upon which the passport can be retrieved from a database and verified by the authority. This would eliminate the need of an actual physical passport to be carried while travelling from one country to another.
Keywords:- Mobile application, Visible light communication, LED, CMOS, e-Passport.
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Dr. P. Chandra Sekhar - Power Quality Enhancement in Power System Network using DSTACOM - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
57-62
9
Determination of the Influence of Pavement Friction on the Initial Velocity Using the Accident Reconstruction Engineering Principles
Robert M. Brooks1, Mehmet Cetin

Abstract:- Several studies were conducted on the accidents of cars using the fundamental principles of physics and engineering including Newton's Laws of Motion and First Law of Thermodynamics. The objective of this study is to determine the influence of and pavement friction on the initial velocity. Regression analysis on the results of these variables was conducted. Excellent correlation coefficient was found for the relationship at α = 0.05 significance level.
Keywords:- Accident Reconstruction, First Law of Thermodynamics, Initial Velocity, Pavement Friction, Regression Analysis.
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Robert M. Brooks, Mehmet Cetin - Determination of the Influence of Pavement Friction on the Initial Velocity Using the Accident Reconstruction Engineering Principles - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
63-68
10
High-efficiency Light Couplers of Sunlight Guiding Systems for Indoor Illumination
Yun-Chiang Hsu, Yi-Ta Shen, Wei-Feng Hsu

Abstract:- We presented theoretical models of symmetric and asymmetric light couplers of daylighting systems for direct indoor illumination, and conducted numerical simulations using Matlab and Lighttools. Based on the simulation results, the accumulation coupling efficiencies are over 96% for the symmetric and asymmetric light couplers when large f-number concentrators (e.g., f/5.0) are used in a two-to-one light guiding system. When a large number of sunlight concentrators are used to gather sunlight and a coupling angle of 40 degree is assumed, the asymmetric couplers (58.6 %) provide higher coupling efficiencies of the guided sunlight than do the symmetric couplers (36.1%).
Keywords:- Coupling efficiency, day lighting Light coupler, sunlight guiding, solar energy.
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Yun-Chiang Hsu, Yi-Ta Shen, Wei-Feng Hsu - High-efficiency Light Couplers of Sunlight Guiding Systems for Indoor Illumination - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
69-74
11
Reforms in Urban Planning and Development Process: Case of Uttar Pradesh, India
Vijay Kumar, Dr. R. K. Pandit

Abstract:- We presented theoretical models of symmetric and asymmetric light couplers of daylighting systems for direct indoor illumination, and conducted numerical simulations using Matlab and Lighttools. Based on the simulation results, the accumulation coupling efficiencies are over 96% for the symmetric and asymmetric light couplers when large f-number concentrators (e.g., f/5.0) are used in a two-to-one light guiding system. When a large number of sunlight concentrators are used to gather sunlight and a coupling angle of 40 degree is assumed, the asymmetric couplers (58.6 %) provide higher coupling efficiencies of the guided sunlight than do the symmetric couplers (36.1%).
Keywords:- Coupling efficiency, day lighting Light coupler, sunlight guiding, solar energy.
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Vijay Kumar, Dr. R. K. Pandit - Reforms in Urban Planning and Development Process: Case of Uttar Pradesh, India - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
75-82
12
Performance of PCM and Cooking Vessel in Solar Cooking System
Abinaya Sorna Jothi P., Rajakumar S.

Abstract:- In this system the thermal performance of solar cooker is improved by using various heat enhancement techniques. The heat enhancement techniques for cooking vessel have been proposed for both late evening hours and sun shine hours. The heat enhancement technique during the sunshine hours was, introducing the annular cavity under the cooking vessel. During late evening hours PCM having the properties of thermal storage have been used as the source of heat for the cooking unit .The annular fins have been proposed for the maximum heat absorption to the PCM present in the system. In this system new PCM substance called Benzoic acid is used because its melting point is around 122.7OC.The charging and discharging process of the system for both steady state and transient system have been analyzed and the melting of the PCM with respect to change in distance and time have been analyzed.
Keywords:- Solar Cooking, PCM, Annular cavity, Fins, Melting point.
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Abinaya Sorna Jothi P., Rajakumar S. - Performance of PCM and Cooking Vessel in Solar Cooking System - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
83-89
13
Combustion evaluation of Diesel - Soyabean methyl ester blends using variable piston geometry in direct injection compression ignition engine
Hariram V., Isaac Prem Kumar I. J.

Abstract:- The present paper is focussed on analysing experimentally the combustion and heat release characteristics of Soyabean biodiesel in compression ignition engine. Biodiesel is formed by transesterification of Soyabean crude oil using sodium hydroxide and methanol which resulted in 95% of Soyabean biodiesel. The piston geometry of the engine was varied by erosion and electrochemical deposition of metals to form Deep Torodial and Shallow Torodial combustion chamber. The results showed that SOME biodiesel exhibits better combustion characteristics with Shallow Torodial piston geometry than Deep Torodial piston geometry. The combustion peak temperature was increased by 4% to 6% in Shallow Torodial piston where as Deep Torodial piston showed 3% to 5% negative improvement in cylinder pressure. The rate of heat release also showed positive improvements with Shallow Torodial piston geometry.
Keywords:- Soyabean biodiesel, Combustion, Rate of heat release, Piston geometry, Transesterification.
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Hariram V., Isaac Prem Kumar I. J. - Combustion evaluation of Diesel - Soyabean methyl ester blends using variable piston geometry in direct injection compression ignition engine - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
90-97
14
Electrical Energy Management and Load Forecasting in a Smart Grid
Eisa Bashier M. Tayeb, A. Taifour Ali, Ahmed A. Emam

Abstract:- Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) has been applied to many fields in recent years. Among them, the neural networks with Back Propagation algorithm appear to be most popular and have been widely used in applications such as forecasting and classification problems. This paper presents a study of short-term load forecasting using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and applied it to the Sudan National Electric Company NEC. Neuroshell2 software was used to provide back-propagation neural networks. ANN model used to forecast the load with the performance error as a measure characteristic. The error obtained by comparing the forecasted load data with actual load data.
Keywords:- Demand Forecasting, Energy Management, Generation Dispatch, Neural Networks, Smart Grid.
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Eisa Bashier M. Tayeb, A. Taifour Ali, Ahmed A. Emam - Electrical Energy Management and Load Forecasting in a Smart Grid - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
98-101
15
Multi Machine Power System Stabilizer Design Using Particle Swarm Optimization Technique
S. Sasi Rekha

Abstract:- In this paper, multi objective design of multi-machine Power System Stabilizers (PSSs) using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is presented. The stabilizers are tuned to simultaneously shift the lightly damped and undammed electro-mechanical modes of all machines to a prescribed zone in the s-plane. A multi objective problem is formulated to optimize a composite set of objective functions comprising the damping factor, and the damping ratio of the lightly damped electromechanical modes. The PSSs parameters tuning problem is converted to an optimization problem which is solved by PSO with the eigen value-based multi objective function. The proposed PSO based PSSs is tested on a multi machine power system under different operating conditions and disturbances through eigen value analysis and some performance indices to illustrate its robust performance. The eigen value sensitivity analysis has been used for PSS design in many literatures under deterministic system operating conditions. To consider the effect of more system operating factors, the technique of probabilistic eigen value analysis was proposed and has been applied for the parameter design of power system damping controllers. In the probabilistic eigen value analysis the system stability is enhanced by shifting the distribution ranges of the critical eigen values to the left side of the complex plane. A new approach for the optimal decentralized design of PSSs with output feedback is investigated in.
Keywords:- Eigen value analysis, Genetic Algorithm, Particle Swarm Optimization, Power System Stabilizers.
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S. Sasi Rekha - Multi Machine Power System Stabilizer Design Using Particle Swarm Optimization Technique - published at: "International Journal of Engineering Inventions, Volume 2, Issue 6, April 2013 Edition".
102-106

 

 

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